All the breed of the dog does not share a common ate of metabolism as it depends o the size, age, and the exercise to which they are habituated. On that scale, the great dane has a comparatively lesser rate of metabolism. The rate is slower which leads to slow consumption of food per pound comparatively than other breeds. There are many diseases to which the great dane is prone to however the most important one and the most frequent one to occur is the gastric dilatation volvulus. In simplified term, it is also been called as bloating to an extremely serious level. It is quite dangerous as without proper treatment it may end up being fatal.


The gastric dilatation-volvulus often was known as gastric dilatation, twisted stomach or gastric torsion. It signifies the gastric distention or rotation of the stomach due to excessive gas content. In an healthy condition bloating is not considered to be serious as after the food consumption a mild distention occurs but without formation of gas but in the case of the GDV there is excessive gas formation which may lead to the displacement of the stomach from its original position resulting in the overstretching of the walls of the stomach. The main causes underlying the GDV is excess acid secretion, the improper recommendation of diet. The huge sized dogs are generally been advised to have soy, grins or animal protein instead of giving too much fat content food create a disturbance I the digestive equilibrium and ay end up in bloating. However excess of water intake in a short period of time before and after of the exercise session may lead to GDV. A sort of dysfunction of sphincter between the esophagus and the mouth also leads to GDV.


The sign and symptoms of the GDV are pretty hard to catch because they don’t have any distinct identity by which it can be assured that the dog is going the rough te GDV. However, it has a sign of gastric disorder like the sense of vomiting all the time, weakness, loss of appetite and severe weight loss. However, the dog suffering from GDV may undergo cardiac arrhythmias if the GDV has become serious. The most important sign of the disease is the dog is not able to stan properly, it seems it is staggering, having difficulty in breathing and also hypersalivation os witnessed.

To conclude, the above sign and symptoms may have similarity with the normal gastric distentions. To make it clear and précised it is advised to have contact with the veteran as soon as possible because if the GDV is left untreated it may end up turning fatal. Once you get confirmed that your dog is suffering from GDV the possible treatment are as follows- resuscitation and intravenous fluid therapy. It is very important to have a phycological contact with the dog and make it feel good and comfortable, in some cases an article vasectomy is recommended in order to foresee if any sort of necrosis has arisen in the gastric wall or not.